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Share trading basics india pdf
In financial markets , a share is a unit of account for various investments. It often means the stock of a corporation, but is also used for collective investments such as mutual funds , limited partnerships , and real estate investment trusts.
Corporations issue shares which are offered for sale to raise share capital. The owner of shares in the corporation is a shareholder or stockholder of the corporation. The denominated value of a share is its face value, and the total of the face value of issued shares represent the capital of a company,  which may not reflect the market value of those shares. The income received from the ownership of shares is a dividend.
The process of purchasing and selling shares often involves going through a stockbroker as a middle man. Shares are valued according to various principles in different markets , but a basic premise is that a share is worth the price at which a transaction would be likely to occur were the shares to be sold.
The liquidity of markets is a major consideration as to whether a share is able to be sold at any given time. An actual sale transaction of shares between buyer and seller is usually considered to provide the best prima facie market indicator as to the "true value" of shares at that particular time.
Tax treatment of dividends varies between tax jurisdictions. For instance, in India , dividends are tax free in the hands of the shareholder up to Rs 10 lakhs, but the company paying the dividend has to pay dividend distribution tax at There is also the concept of a deemed dividend , which is not tax free.
Further, Indian tax laws include provisions to stop dividend stripping. Historically, investors were given share certificates as evidence of their ownership of shares. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Share disambiguation.
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Bonds by coupon Fixed rate bond Floating rate note Inflation-indexed bond Perpetual bond Zero-coupon bond Commercial paper. Bonds by issuer Corporate bond Government bond Municipal bond Pfandbrief. Structured finance Securitization Agency security Asset-backed security Mortgage-backed security Commercial mortgage-backed security Residential mortgage-backed security Tranche Collateralized debt obligation Collateralized fund obligation Collateralized mortgage obligation Credit-linked note Unsecured debt.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Stock certificates. Look up share in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.